A CATALOGUE OF MEDIEVAL ASTRONOMICAL INSTRUMENTS

Provisional Table of Contents
(Version of May, 2002)

David A. King

Introduction
Part 1: Early Eastern astrolabes (to ca. 1500)
Part 2: Late Eastern astrolabes (sixteenth to nineteenth century)
Part 3: Eastern quadrants
Part 4: Eastern sundials
Part 5: Miscellaneous Eastern instruments
X. Some fake Eastern astrolabes
Part 6: Early European astrolabes (to ca. 1500)
Part 7: Selected late European astrolabes
Part 8: European quadrants
Part 9: Early European sundials
Part 10: Miscellaneous early European instruments (selected)
X: Some fake European instruments

Introduction


Part 1: Early Eastern astrolabes (to ca. 1500)

1. Byzantine astrolabes

2. The earliest Eastern Islamic astrolabes (ninth to eleventh century)

3. The earliest Western Islamic astrolabes (tenth and eleventh centuries)

4. Later Eastern Islamic astrolabes (Iraq and Iran, twelfth to sixteenth century)

5. Ayyubid, Mamluk and Rasulid astrolabes (Syria, Egypt and the Yemen, thirteenth to fourteenth century)

6. Later Andalusi and Maghribi astrolabes (thirteenth to sixteenth century)


Part 2: Late Eastern astrolabes
(sixteenth to nineteenth century)

1. Late Eastern Islamic astrolabes in the early tradition (sixteenth to nineteenth century)

2. Late Egyptian and Syrian astrolabes (seventeenth to nineteenth century)

3. Some Ottoman Turkish astrolabes (sixth to nineteenth century)

4. Late Maghribi astrolabes (seventeenth to nineteenth century)

Sections 5-7 Selected Indo-Persian astrolabes (sixteenth to nineteenth centuries)

5. Some astrolabes of the Safavid schools (sixteenth to eighteenth century)

6. Some astrolabes of the Lahore school (sixteenth to seventeenth centuries)

7. Miscellaneous Indo-Persian astrolabes (seventeenth to nineteenth centuries)

8. Astrolabes with inscriptions in Armenian and Georgian

9. Astrolabes with Sanskrit inscriptions

Note: these have now been catalogued by Prof. S. R. Sarma of Aligarh (India)

A. Astrolabes for a single latitude

B. Astrolabes for a series of latitudes

C. Islamic instruments with miscellaneous additions in Sanskrit


Part 3: Eastern quadrants

1. Early Islamic quadrants

2. Egyptian and Syrian quadrants (Mamluk and early Ottoman periods)

3. Maghribi quadrants

4. Ottoman quadrants

5. Quadrants with Sanskrit inscriptions


Part 4: Eastern sundials

1. Sundials from the Islamic East

2. Andalusi sundials

3. Ayyubid and Mamluk sundials

4. Maghribi sundials

5. Ottoman sundials (selected)

6 Indian sundials (selected)


Part 5: Miscellaneous Eastern instruments

1. Globes (selected early examples)

Note - Nos. 6001-6132 have been assigned to the globes surveyed by E. Savage-Smith

2. Spherical astrolabes

3. Equatoria

4. Luni-solar gear mechanisms

5. Compendia

6. Qibla indicators (selected)

7. Nocturnals

8. Annular scales


X. Some fake Eastern astrolabes


Part 6: Early European astrolabes (to ca. 1500)

1. Miscellaneous early European astrolabes (I)

2. Miscellaneous early European astrolabes (II)

3. Astrolabes with quatrefoil ornamentation (I)

4. Astrolabes with quatrefoil and trefoil ornamentation (II)

5. Astrolabes with inscriptions in Judaeo-Arabic or Hebrew

6. English astrolabes with a Y-shaped frame on the rete in the tradition of Geoffrey Chaucer

7. Early French and Italian astrolabes with an upper frame on the rete

8. Fifteenth-century French astrolabes in the tradition of Jean Fusoris

9. Fifteenth-century German astrolabes in the tradition of Regiomontanus and Hans Dorn


Part 7: Selected late European astrolabes

1. Late Italian astrolabes

2. Late German astrolabes

3. Late astrolabes from the Low Countries

4. Late Spanish astrolabes

5. Late French astrolabes

6. Late English astrolabes

7. Astrolabes of uncertain provenance


Part 8: European quadrants

1. Universal horary quadrants

2. Quadrantes veteres

3. Quadrantes novi

4. Horary quadrants for a specific latitude

5. Universal quadrants

6. Sexagenaria


Part 9: Early European sundials

1. Sundials in the Roman tradition

2. Some scratch-dials

Note - Only sundials prior to ca. 1550 will be included here and in Section 3.

3. Plane dials

4. Portable horizontal dials

5. Folding sundials

6. Cruciform dials

7. Polyhedral dials

8. Universal ring-dials

9. Ring-dials

10. Cylindrical sundials

11. Scaphes in the form of a chalice


Part 10: Miscellaneous early European instruments (selected)

1. Early globes

2. Armillary spheres

3. Analemmatic dials

4. Torqueta

5. Equatoria

6. Albions

7. Luni-solar gear mechanisms and volvelles

8. Organa Ptolemei and "de Rojas-type" dials

9. Rectangular dials

10. Naviculae de Venetiis / lytel schippes of Venyse

11. Nocturnals

12. Phebilabia

13. Compendia

14. Miscellanea


X: Some fake European instruments